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860/880 Lake Shore Drive

900/910 Lake Shore Drive

Federal Center

IBM Regional Office Bldg.

111 East Wacker Drive

New York, USA

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Welcome - friends of bauhaus architecture!> Chicago, USA

Chicago, USA

IIT-Campus, Chicago, USA

In 1939 Mis van der Rohe emigrated from Germany to Chicago, USA, where he became Chairman of the IIT. This is the time when his big influence in modern architecture started to spread over the USA, especially Chicago and New York.

Mies settled in Chicago, Illinois where he was appointed as head of the architecture school at Chicago's Armour Institute of Technology (later renamed Illinois Institute of Technology - IIT). One of the benefits of taking this position was that he would be commissioned to design the new buildings and master plan for the campus. All his buildings still stand there, including Alumni Hall, the Chapel, and his masterpiece the S.R. Crown Hall, built as the home of IIT's School of Architecture.

Crown Hall is widely regarded as Mies' finest work, the definition of Miesian architecture, although some regard the building as "completely inefficient". In 1944, he became an American citizen, completing his severance from his native Germany. His 30 years as an American architect reflect a more structural, pure approach towards achieving his goal of a new architecture for the 20th Century. He focused his efforts on the idea of enclosing open and adaptable "universal" spaces with clearly arranged structural frameworks, featuring pre-manufactured steel shapes infilled with large sheets of glass.

His early projects at the IIT campus and for developer Herb Greenwald opened the eyes of Americans to a style that seemed a natural progression of the almost forgotten 19th century Chicago School style. His architecture, with origins in the German Bauhaus and western European International Style became an accepted mode of building for American cultural and educational institutions, developers, public agencies, and large corporations.

IIT-Campus 860/880 Lake Shore Drive 900/910 Lake Shore Drive 111 East Wacker Drive

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